Audi Conceptby Denys Bolotnikov | adbbox.com
Audi Sport GmbH
Audi Sport GmbH (until November 2016 - Quattro GmbH) is a subsidiary of the German automobile company Audi , which, in turn, is part of the Volkswagen AG group The company is based in Neckarsulm near Stuttgart.
The company is relatively little known, as it is a "closed company" that does not produce direct sales in the consumer market. Its main products are sports and exclusive models such as the Audi RS4 , Audi RS5 , Audi RS6 , Audi RS7 , Audi R8 and Audi RS Q3 , as well as Audi A8 W12 .
A distinctive feature of the Audi Sport GmbH is four-wheel drive for production vehicles of the division. The company produces a number of fashion and sports accessories related to Audi . The Audi Sport GmbH product line philosophy is individuality and exclusivity.
Almost the entire history of Audi is somehow based on automobile sports, because at all stages of development of Audi great designers and engineers who created cars, and outstanding athletes who performed on these cars - sought to be the first.
Each high-profile victory on the track contributed to the success of sales of production cars. Each new Audi car created in the last hundred years carries solutions tested in motorsport.
The founder of Audi , the brilliant engineer August Horch , personally participated in the Austrian alpine race 1911 of the year behind the wheel of the production model Audi B10 (28 hp.).
August Horch then didn’t win anything, but he didn’t lose the distance, which was already considered an achievement. Six months later, a new model saw the light - Audi C14 (35 hp). It was she, in 1912 , who won the Alpine prize. After which it became known as Alpensieger - "Vanquisher of the Alps" (German).
By the beginning of the 30s of the last century, when the companies Audi , Horch , Wanderer and DKW merged into the Auto Union concern, motorsport in Europe began to acquire modern features: car factories gained their own teams. In the countries - manufacturers of automobiles, racing tracks were built one after another. Cars designed for competitions began to differ significantly from production ones.
The European public watched the ups and downs of the battle of “silver arrows” - the Grand Prix race car race, the prototype of the current Formula-1.
Hans Stuck , Tazio Nuvolari , Rudolf Hasse , German Muller - the names of the outstanding pilots who played for the team Auto Union , then known to every student. Racing was literally deadly: no belts or airbags had yet been invented.
Tanks of "silver arrows" were seasoned with an infernal mixture of methyl alcohol, acetone, nitrobenzene and ether. In the mid-30s, these cars had more than 400 hp under the hood and developed speeds on the 300 km / h highway.
War and post-war devastation threw European motorsport decades back. The Auto Union sports team, in the form in which it won on European routes until 1939, ceased to exist. Until the beginning of the 80s of the XX century, the Audi brand did not take an active part in sports life.
However, the events of a later period fully offset the three decades of the brand without motorsport.
At the very beginning of the 1981 year, the Audi brand broke into the World Rally Championship. Model quattro with 310 hp engine made its debut in the January Rally Austria , which was not taken into account in the world championship. The pilot Franz Wittmann won the first try, ahead of his rivals by more than 20 minutes.
At its first World Rally Championship (WRC) in Monte Carlo, the Audi quattro again demonstrated its superiority. On the snowy track, Hannu Mikkola won the first six special stages, and only an accident could stop him. In the following competitions - Rally Sweden - the Finnish racer won first place.
An unusual chapter in the history of the rally entered Michelle Mouton and Fab Pons . In the 1981 season, Audi pilots became the first female crew to win the WRC race in the world.
Michelle Mouton performed in the most scandalous and fascinating group of WRC - group "B" , which later, after the tragedy of 1986 , when 3 spectators and 2 participants died in accidents at the World Cup in Portugal and in Corsica, the International Motorsport Federation (FIA) banned, because of the great danger to riders and spectators.
In the season 1982 of the year Michelle won the stages in Portugal, Brazil and Greece (Acropolis), which allowed her to take 2nd place in the individual standings of the World Rally Championship. Her teammate became the champion that year - Walter Röhrl . In the final protocol they were separated by only 12 points!
As a result of the 1982 year, the Audi quattro became almost unbeatable: Audi managed to win a record 7 victories in different parts of the world and get the first prize among manufacturers.
In the 1984 year, rally racing reached a new level. Opponents used the extremely liberal rules of the “B” group at that time to exhibit cars with a central engine location on races - extremely functional race cars that had little to do with production models.
In the 1984 year a new rally car Audi was released, called the Sport quattro . From its predecessor, the car was distinguished by a changed appearance and technical equipment. First of all, it became shorter by 30cm, the design of the front part and the inclination of the windshield were changed.
5.1secAcceleration to 100 km/h
In July 1985 , the Sport quattro was replaced by an evolutionary version - the S1 model, which went down in the history of the rally like a real devil with an indomitable character.
When the driver let go of the gas pedal, exhaust pipes with a growl released meter-long flames of fire. “It's like saddling a bullet,” said Walter Röhrl , “the speed is just explosive. Everything happens so quickly that you do not have time to really realize it. ”
3.1secAcceleration to 100 km/h
After the successes achieved in the rally, the Audi all-wheel drive demonstrated its advantages on highways. In the 1988 year, the Audi racers tried their hand at the American Series Trans-Am. Under the hood of the Audi 200 quattro was a 5-cylinder turbocharged engine with a capacity of 510 hp , which proved itself at the World Rally Championships.
This car helped the American racer Hurley Heywood to win the championship title. Having achieved 8 victories in 13 races, the Audi brand also became the leader in the standings among car manufacturers.
In 1989 , the Audi team switched to the IMSA GTO series with even more loyal rules. Outwardly, GTO resembled Audi 90 quattro, but under this shell was an uncompromising racing car, the skeleton of which consisted of a carbon-reinforced composite bottom and a tubular frame frame.
The upgraded 5-cylinder engine with an S1 exhaust gas recirculation system developed a capacity of approximately 720 hp , and the wheel width was 36cm. Hans Joachim Stuck won the 3rd place in the championship, having achieved seven victories in 15 races, and the Audi team took the 2nd place among car manufacturers.
In the 1990 year, the Audi racing team switched to the German Touring Car Masters (DTM) with the introduction of its latest V8 quattro with a 3.6-liter naturally aspirated engine with 462 hp and weighing 1290 kg.
Hans-Joachim Stuck won the championship in the first year of participation, and in 1991 the young Frank Biela repeated this achievement in a stunning final race on the ring track in Hockenheim. Audi managed to win in half of all 36 races held in 1990 and 1991.
1996 became Audi the most successful year in touring races. Audi A4 quattro Supertouring with 2-liter 4-cylinder engine producing 296 hp was an ultramodern racing car.
The driver's seat was shifted back, the 6-speed gearbox had smooth shifting, and the aerodynamics were honed during laborious tests in the wind tunnel.
Audi A4 quattro Supertouring participated in seven national championships on three continents - in Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Spain, Belgium, South Africa and Australia. And he became a winner in all seven.
Two years later, the European Racing Committee almost completely forbade the use of four-wheel drive in touring car racing: the superiority of all-wheel drive models was too obvious.
In 1999 , the triumphant era of Audi 's participation in the World Endurance Championships began. WEC (World Endurance Championship) - racing cars LMP (Le Mans Prototype) first competed in a 12-hour race in Sebring (USA).
Over the next 18 years (at the end of the 2016 year Audi officially withdraws from WEC races) four-ring prototypes took part in 186 races and won more than 100 trophies, including 13 prizes according to the results hardest racing 24 hours Le Mans.
Significant for the entire sports world was the 2006 year when the Audi R10 TDI was the first diesel car in history to win the most important daily marathon.
The car body was a carbon fiber monocoque, the chassis, engine and gearbox were made as a single unit to accelerate their emergency replacement. The motor worked so silently that the riders often could not focus on it when shifting gears.
3.3secAcceleration to 100 km/h
After 6 years, in the 2012 year, the Audi R18 TDI e-tron quattro already won the European race, which was the first Le Mans triumph equipped with a hybrid engine.
In 2016 , the Audi brand completed its long-standing WEC racing program, but has continued to race successfully for over 30 years < b> DTM.
1.99secAcceleration to 100 km/h
The new Formula E sports championship kicked off in September 2014 . The aim of racing electric cars is to popularize innovation and green technology. From the very beginning, the ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport team has been taking part in the specially prepared Audi e-tron electric racing car.
The results are impressive: in the season 2017/2018 , the team took silver in the team competition, and the total score of victories exceeded two dozen. In the 2018/2019 season, pilots of the four latest Audi e-tron FE05 race cars are set to win.
In the first four seasons, due to the limited range and the impossibility of instantly charging the batteries of electric cars during the race, the racers used two cars - A and B . After about half an hour, I got into the B car and rode on it.
Starting from the fifth season ( 2018/2019 ), a new generation car appeared - Gen2 , which allows you to pass the race distance without a transfer. However, the race became shorter: in the first four seasons they lasted from 48 minutes to an hour, from the fifth season - 45 minutes.
At the moment, 12 teams are participating in the championship, two riders each. Races are held on city roads. By analogy with Formula 1, where the races are called "Grand Prix" , the stages of Formula E are called "ePrix" . Each stage of the championship is held within one day in order to reduce costs and reduce discomfort in the host city.
According to the rules, morning is allotted to get acquainted with the track during free races, which take place in two stages: 45-minute and 30-minute. Full power (250 kW / 335 hp) is available throughout the practice.
The Qualification Session lasts one hour and is held at noon. Racers are divided into four groups of 6 people. Each group has 6 minutes to show the best time for the route, while the riders can only go through two circles - one of which is fast.
Then comes the Super Pole - the six fastest riders are fighting for "pole-position", in turn, driving a circle, starting with the sixth fastest pilot and ending with the first. Accordingly, the superpool determines the first six positions of the starting grid of the race. Full power (250 kW / 335 hp) is available throughout the entire qualification.
The race is held in the late afternoon. It starts with the grid and lasts 45 minutes plus one lap. Racers have the right to use the Attack mode system several times per race, depending on the decision of the stewards. In racing mode, power is limited to 200 kW / 270 hp
Attack Mode adds an additional 35 kW to the motor power. It is forbidden to activate the attack mode during the safety car and during the yellow flag mode along the entire route.
Formula E strive to become a series for top pilots who will come from GP2 (called Formula 2 since 2017), IndyCar, Formula 1. These are young riders with experience who are in the middle of their careers, and riders who leave Formula 1 and cannot return to GP2 / Formula 2.
Participation in the new series is attractive enough for the teams due to the environmental friendliness of machines and significantly lower cost compared to Formula-1. So, if in F-1 the maintenance of a team costs an average of 115 million pounds, then in Formula E - only 3 million. Learn more
From the 2014 year and the next four seasons of the championship, a car built by Spark Racing Technology was used. The chassis was developed by Dallara , equipped with a Williams Advanced Engineering battery.
For the first season, 42 electric vehicles were ordered - four cars for each of ten teams, and two cars left for testing and advertising campaigns.
In the first season, all teams used an electric motor developed by McLaren , but from the next season, various manufacturers developed their own electric motor, the chassis and batteries remained the same. Learn more
3.0secAcceleration to 100 km/h
Starting from the season 2018/2019 , a new electric car has been used, which has more improved characteristics than the last. The car is also built by Spark Racing Technology in collaboration with Dallara and is equipped with a battery manufactured by McLaren Applied Technology with a capacity of 54 kWh. Learn more
The season 2018/2019 brought the new rules of the game - the pilots used only one car during the race. Thanks to modern technology, which allowed us to create batteries with a capacity that ensures the passage of the full distance of the 45-minute race.
Since the requirements for the elements of the racing car are the same for all teams except the electric motor, inverter, gearbox, components of the rear suspension, as well as software, manufacturers have the opportunity to demonstrate skill in the development of the engine.
The engine-generator unit - Audi Schaeffler MGU03 - is a joint development of Audi and the technology partner of the brand, Schaeffler . The main goal of the engineers was to make this module even more powerful and as efficient as possible.
The rules of the fifth season of Formula E limit the maximum engine power in qualifying races to 340 hp and for the main race - 272 hp Among the innovations of this season are the so-called “activation zones”: in these zones, pilots have the opportunity to activate the mode of short-term increase in the power plant capacity to the level of 306 h.p.
Fans of Formula E will be able to support their favorite pilots by participating in the online vote of FanBoost , as a result of which the rider can get the opportunity to further increase the power plant capacity to 340 h.p.
All Formula E teams must use unified lithium-ion batteries McLaren weighing 374 kg, located between the pilot's seat and the engine. The energy reserve is 52 kWh, and the time required for charging is 45 minutes.
In the season 2018/2019 , the technical experience of the power plant of the Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler team will help for the first time in the cars of the British team Envision Virgin Racing - having established a car Virgin motor-generator and transmission Audi. Learn more
A fundamentally new development for the Vth season is also the electronic brake pedal system: the brake control and traction to the rear rear axle are separated and controlled by an electronic system. Thanks to this solution, it became possible to constantly maintain the optimal settings of the braking system and make the energy recovery process even more efficient.
Remarkably, the new Audi e-tron FE05 lacks a rear wing - a rarity in the world of motorsport. The downforce is provided by a volume diffuser in the lower rear of the body.Learn more
2.8secAcceleration to 100 km/h
The racing Audi e-tron FE06 , presented at the Frankfurt International Automobile Salon (IAA), received new color solutions and innovative technologies.
Carbon fiber parts and a new orange livery emphasize relief and dynamism: the Audi e-tron FE06 now looks more impressive than its predecessor, which Daniel Abt and Lucas di Grassi brought out the Audi team last season Sport ABT Schaeffler in second place in the Cup of designers.
The electric Audi e-tron FE06 debuted at the race in Ediriya (Saudi Arabia) on November 22-23, 2019.
2.8secAcceleration to 100 km/h
The organizers of Formula E, the electric car racing series, have unveiled a new car that will be launched in the 2020-2021 season. The novelty received a number of design changes, including a new front wing, a “shark” fin at the rear, a characteristic curved rear wing, and an updated livery of the racing series.
The machine will continue to use 18-inch all-weather Michelin Pilot Sport tires. The images shown show the appearance of the machines that the teams will use in the seventh season. However, the rules allow you to independently develop and upgrade electrical components and parts of the power plant. Learn more
Before the official presentation of the car at the Geneva Motor Show in early March, Audi demonstrates its conceptual design for the Audi e-tron FE07 , which will be presented next season - 2020 / 2021 .
At the end of the 2020 year, Formula E will enter the VII season and will be held for the first time as the official FIA World Cup. In addition to visual modifications that are identically defined for all teams, the development of the transmission remains the prerogative of manufacturers.
In this way, Formula E will continue to provide Audi the opportunity to demonstrate its experience in the field of electrified powertrains in the future.
Audi Sport GmbH (formerly quattro GmbH) - was founded in 1983 as a subsidiary of AUDI AG . The company is registered as a manufacturer of high-performance cars since 1996. The headquarters of Audi Sport GmbH is located in Neckarsulm.
The company is relatively little known because it is a "closed company" that does not produce direct sales in the consumer market. Its main product is the sporty and exclusive Audi models of the R and RS series. The Audi Sport GmbH product line philosophy is individuality and exclusivity.
In recent years, Audi Sport GmbH has been seriously developing electric vehicles and is participating in the royal electric car racing - Formula E .
ABT Sportsline GmbH - a German company specializing in tuning cars produced by subsidiaries of the concern Volkswagen AG - Audi , Seat , Škoda and Volkswagen . It specializes in the modification of individual cars, their sports running units, tuning electronics, as well as aerodynamic and external changes in the body.
Schaeffler is one of the co-founders and one of the most visible and successful players on Formula E . Since 2015 , Schaeffler has been using its technical knowledge and development to improve the drivetrain. Thus, the company demonstrates professional competence in advanced technologies, and also introduces the concept of sustainable mobility in the framework of innovative races using electric vehicles.
Already today, the Schaeffler group makes a significant contribution to the development of the transport of the future by producing precision components and systems for engines, chassis and transmissions, rolling and plain bearings for various industries.
December 29, 1969, Dumfries, Scotland
Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler Formula E Team Leader
In the past, a British racer, commentator and journalist from Scotland. He is a three-time winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans , a three-time winner of the American Le Mans Series , and the winner of the FIA World Endurance Championship (FIA WEC ) in 2013.
In his childhood he was engaged in karting, repeatedly won titles in various karting championships. At the end of the 1980s he participated in the Formula Ford and Formula Opel competitions, was the vice-champion of Great Britain in Formula-3 .
He later performed at Formula-3000 . In 1990 , he became a test pilot for the McLaren F1 Team , in 1993-1996 he held a similar position in the Benetton team.
In the 1998 year he participated in the FIA GT championship, won the Le Mans 24 hour race in the GT1 class on a Porshe. In the 2000 year, he won the American Le Mans Series, playing for the Audi team.
In 2001 , he returned to Formula-1 , becoming the test pilot of the new Toyota team. The following year he became the main pilot of the team, did not score points, did not rise above 7th place in the races.
At a training session before the Japanese Grand Prix 2002 , he had an accident in a high-speed turn, received minor injuries and was not allowed to the race. The following year he was a test pilot for the Renault Sport Formula One Team .
From 2004 , he resumed performances in body races and sport prototype races. He won another title as the winner of the American Le Mans series, in the 2008 year he won the absolute victory in the 24-hour Le Mans marathon. Winner of Le Mans 2013 of the year (along with Tom Critensen and Loic Duvall).
March 20, 1963, Giessen, Germany
Head of Audi Motorsport
Gass gained his first professional experience at AUDI AG , in Ingolstadt, in the development and testing department of anti-lock systems. In the 1991 year, he switched to motorsport, joining the Schirra Motoring team in Darmstadt, and subsequently at Bugatti Automobili , in Italy.
From November 1994 to March 2001 he worked as an Audi Sport engineer. From 2001-2011, Dieter Gass participated in the Toyota and Lotus (Formula 1) projects in senior positions, and at the beginning of 2012 year returned to AUDI AG .
In the 2013 year, he became the head of the DTM (Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters) at Audi AG - the popular international passenger car series in Germany. In 2017 , the year Dieter Gass succeeded Wolfgang Ulrich as head of the Audi Motorsport . Since then, he has been responsible for the factory commitments of Audi in the DTM and the electric racing series Formula E .
September 23, 1977, Germany
CEO of ABT Sportsline GmbH
Thomas Biermeier began his career at ABT Sportsline in 2000 . Since then, he successfully led the motorsport team, was the head of the export and sports department. Most recently (until October 1, 2019), he was in the role of sports director, Thomas Biermeier was responsible for ABT's motorsport obligations in DTM and Formula E .
Together with the head of sports marketing department Harry Unflat, as well as the CEO of ABT e-Line GmbH Christoph Bergmann, Thomas Biermeier reports to the owner of the managing shareholder of ABT Sportsline GmbH - Hans-Jürgen Abtu (Hans-Jürgen Abt).
1977, London, UK
Project Manager Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler Formula E
Tristan Summerskale studied engineering at Imperial College London from 1997 to 2001, before getting a job at Lola Cars , where he worked in the composites design department for two years. Lola Cars had a reputation as an ideal starting point for young, talented, and ambitious engineers. Through its doors already passed such as John Barnard, Patrick Head, Ben Bowlby and Mark Williams.
After gaining his first practical skills at Lola Cars , Tristan moved to Toyota Motorsport GmbH as part of the F1 program in 2003 . Then from 2007 to 2008, he worked at McLaren F1 , in the aerodynamics department.
After McLaren F1 , Tristan Summerskale returns to Germany and enters the Audi Sport team, working on the design of the LMP chassis and eventually became the project manager of LMP in the department of chassis, gearbox, suspension. In 2013 , he became the project manager of the LMP - "endurance race".
LUCAS TUCCI DI GRASSI
August 11, 1984, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Height: 1.8m | Weight: 75kg
1st pilot Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler Formula E
Lucas Tucci di Grassi from an early age showed a passion for speed. The game of karting, which began in 1994 at the invitation of his father, was an incentive for the birth of a new racing legend. At the age of 13 years, Lucas already participated in karting championships and won one in one race of the Brazilian division.
In youth "formulas" Lucas di Grassi made his debut in 2003 , participating in his own championship - the South American Formula-3 . In the first year, Lucas managed to become vice champion. There was nothing more to do at home, and the Brazilian moved to the UK.
The local Formula-3 gave Lucas two victories already in his debut season, which he finished in 8th place. In 2005 he moved to the Euroseries Formula-3 , where he became a bronze medalist. And most importantly - he won the prestigious race Macao Grand Prix (China).
In 2006 , the Brazilian began his 4-year career in GP2 , where he won several victories and climbed the podium. These achievements led him to the Renault F1 team, where Lucas became the third pilot. Finally, in the 2010 year, Lucas di Grassi became a full-fledged prize pilot of Formula 1 .
In 2011 the year Lucas di Grassi ends his pilot career in Formula 1 and moves to the company Pirelli , where he performs in the role of a full-fledged test pilot, bringing to mind the tires of the Italian concern, designed for Formula 1 .
In parallel, Lucas was racing in the World Endurance Championship. As a pilot of Audi , he was able to earn a podium for his debut race “24 hours of Le Mans” (2013).
Promoter Formula E Alejandro Agag in the 2011 year turned to Lucas di Grassi as a rider with technological expertise to develop an electric racing car. Initially, Lucas was not convinced that electric car racing would be exciting, but over time he redefined his opinion, believing in the idea of Alexandro - to develop an environmentally friendly racing supercar.
A year later, Lucas di Grassi was announced as the official test pilot of Formula E . He first tested the prototype Formula E at the Circuit de L'eure near Paris in August 2012 and took an active part in its development.
Later, Lucas di Grassi terminated his contract as a test pilot, and on the February 13, 2014 year it was announced that Lucas di Grassi will participate in the first Formula E season in the Audi Sport ABT team while playing with the same team at the WEC World Championships. His teammate became a former GP2 driver - Daniel Abt . Learn more
December 3, 1992, Kempten, Germany
Height: 1.79m | Weight: 72kg
2nd pilot of the Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler Formula E
The family of Daniel Abt is known in the auto racing world thanks to the father of the rider, Hans-Jürgen Abt - the owner and leader of the team Abt Sportsline , performing in the German championship DTM and Formule E . Uncle Daniel, Christian Abt, the famous rider himself, who spoke in the DTM for several years.
Daniel Abt first sat behind the wheel of a go-kart at the age of 6 years, immediately winning the first 7 races in life. C 11 years Daniel Abt began to professionally perform in karting. In 2008 , Daniel switched to the Formula Race and participated in the ADAC Formel Masters for his father’s team, Abt Sportsline .
He started four times with the pole position and took third and two second places.
In 2009 , Daniel Abt continued his second season at ADAC Formel Masters for Abt Sportsline and with eight race wins he won the team title ahead of Klaus Bachler. He quickly progressed to the Euroseries Formula-3 , where he made his debut in 2011 , becoming the youngest pilot on the grid. That season, Daniel Abt finished three times on the podium.
A year later, the German spent a good season in the GP3 championship with the Lotus GP team, earning 2 wins and 7 more podiums. The championship title slipped away from Daniel at the last moment.
December 19, 2012 of the year Daniel Abt received a contract to participate in the ART Grand Prix in the GP2 series with James Calado .
Daniel fought like a rookie and finished the 22nd season, writing only 11 points on his account. Remaining with the GP2 Chepionate, in 2014 the year Daniel moved to the German team Hilmer Motorsport .
February 13, 2014 , it was confirmed that Daniel Abt will also be participating in the first season of Formula E in the team of Audi Sport ABT with Lucas di Grassi . In the first race, Formula E , Daniel was fined for illegal modifications to his car, as a result of which he was lowered from 3rd position to 10th. In 2018 , Daniel won his first race at Formula E - ePrix Mexico City.
Daniel Abt is the Managing Director of Abt Lifestyle GmbH. Learn more